Nikolaos Vlachopoulos1, Emmanouil Smyrnakis2, Panagiotis Stachteas3, Maria Exindari4, Georgia Gioula4, Anna Papa4
Volume 8, Number 2: 191-193
Received 11 06 2020: Rev-request 25 07 2020: Rev-recd 30 07 2020: Accepted 30 07 2020
Novel Coronavirus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), emerged from Wuhan, China before rapidly spreading globally, affecting millions of people worldwide. On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) characterized the infection caused by SARS-COV-2 as a pandemic.1 This health crisis has posed an unprecedented challenge for medical education. As social distancing measures were universally implemented to curtail virus transmission, medical training during these times was inevitably disrupted, especially in clinical settings. The clinical exposure of medical students was hindered, and clinical attachments were abandoned in many medical schools around the globe.2-5
In general terms, Greece was mildly affected by the virus, but the Hellenic National Healthcare System (NHS) confronted a significant shortage in personal protective equipment (PPE) and medical staff. As a result, Hellenic medical institutions were forced to cancel in-person classes and clinical medical education, according to the guidelines of the Ministry of Education.6 Medical educators at our institution immediately consolidated distance learning environments by converting in a few weeks the majority of face-to-face theoretical sessions to online sessions. As also happened in other countries, written exams have been converted into orals, which have been administered via web platforms.7,8 Although current evolving web-based ventures can host and possibly substitute the majority of didactic lectures, results were mixed; not all educators and students had previous experiences on remote learning platforms, thus they could not always adapt successfully to the new circumstances. Technical issues, such as poor internet connection, lack of appropriate equipment, and complicated e-learning environments, but also lack of motivation and learners’ boredom to participate in long, consecutive webinars were barriers to online learning. Apart from this, students’ clinical exposure remains an indispensable part of their training, and online learning seems insufficient to compensate for, or simulate, clinical exposure.9
The pandemic outbreak put many medical students under psychological pressure due to uncertainty for the future and withdrawal from their daily routine.10 Those coming from other cities or countries had to self-isolate themselves for 14 days before they travel back home. Despite global instability, the medical students’ commitment to contribute to a helpful response was remarkable, even at the initial stages of this health crisis. At our institution, a medical students’ organization called for the massive engagement of senior-year students and newly-graduated doctors; their deep conviction has been that these individuals have already developed a solid background knowledge, making them more useful than any other group of volunteers who could be drafted to support the overworked healthcare professionals.11 This desire for student response was echoed in many other medical schools of the country.12
At our institution, the Laboratory of Microbiology, we were assigned with the demanding task of analyzing hundreds of COVID-19 samples coming from patients around Northern Greece, as we were equipped with the long-term experience from seasonal flu testing. The workload was exponentially augmented, but the recruitment of new personnel was not possible; work staff only consisted of two Associate Professors (Maria Exindari, Georgia Gioula) and three molecular biologists. Thus, laboratory medical staff was soon led to frustration due to overworking. To meet the increasing needs the laboratory's director, Professor Anna Papa, came up with the idea of creating a student response team.
Consequently, soon after the cancellation of lectures and clinical placements, eight students were deployed to voluntarily offer their services. To ensure student safety, it was decided that they would not participate in any process of sample testing, instead, they worked in the laboratory's call center. After a short period of training and practice under supervision, students were able to carry their duties alone. Their responsibilities included running the laboratory's hotlines, distributing vital information regarding test results to clinical doctors, and solving some practical issues regarding the delivery of samples. Furthermore, students were familiar with all of the guidelines from the National Public Health Organization and were ready to answer questions on how to take swabs, how to fill out the medical release form for COVID-19 testing, and how to manage suspected or confirmed cases. Their contribution had a two-month duration and was necessary as a substantial relief for the overworked staff. Furthermore, it is undeniable that students received a unique real-life learning experience in crisis management; they had the opportunity to observe NHS functioning and shortages; they grew well-informed of the most up-to-date pandemic protocols; and they developed their professional identity by cultivating useful communication and collaboration skills (including a sense of duty, altruism, adaptability, persistence, and competency).
Our experience of student involvement was not the only one in the country. At “Sotiria,” Athens General Hospital, the Third Department of Internal Medicine invited students to actively participate in the battle against coronavirus.12 Students responded with excitement, received intensive training on PPE usage and hygiene protocols, and afterwards voluntarily engaged in the response to COVID-19 cases by carrying out supervised tasks for frontline providers. Also, they were responsible for providing comprehensive care to chronic patients who tested negative for coronavirus; they contributed by taking down medical histories and by executing common daily procedures; they also offered patient education, literature briefings, and scientific information distribution via social media.
In summary, medical students seem to be ready to accept the moral responsibility and volunteer in pandemic management. As our experience indicates, students can be deployed in several different roles under proper supervision as long as safety is properly prioritized. Under these circumstances, the presence of medical students on the first line joined by experienced professors offers a valuable lesson for them, but also a significant contribution to the overburdened healthcare system.
We thank Emily Fisher, MBA, Founding Team Member of Global Shapers Thessaloniki Hub and Amala Thessaloniki, for assistance with editing and comments that greatly improved the manuscript.
The Authors have no funding, financial relationships or conflicts of interest to disclose.
Conceptualization & Writing – Original Draft Preparation: NV. Writing – Review & Editing: NV, ES, PS, ME, GG, AP.
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Nikolaos Vlachopoulos, 1 Final-year Medical Student, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece – Hellenic Military Academy of Combat Support Officers, Thessaloniki, Greece
Emmanouil Smyrnakis, 2 Laboratory of Primary Health Care, General Practice and Health Services Research, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
Panagiotis Stachteas, 3 Post-graduate Medical Student in Primary Health Care, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
Maria Exindari, 4 Department of Microbiology, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece - National Influenza Centre for N. Greece
Georgia Gioula, 4 Department of Microbiology, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece - National Influenza Centre for N. Greece
Anna Papa, 4 Department of Microbiology, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece - National Influenza Centre for N. Greece
Francisco Javier Bonilla-Escobar, Editor
Lakshmimathy Subramanian, Student Editor
Andrew Stanton Kucey, Student Editor
Nikoleta Tellios, Student Editor
About the Author: Nikolaos Vlachopoulos is currently a final-year medical student of a six-year program at Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece. He is also a decorated cadet of Hellenic Military Academy of Combat Support Officers, enlisted in the Health Corps of the Hellenic Air Force.
Correspondence: Nikolaos Vlachopoulos, Address: Thessaloniki 541 24, Greece Email: email@example.com
Cite as: Vlachopoulos N, Smyrnakis E, Stachteas P, Exindari M, Gioula G, Papa A. Medical Students during COVID-19 Pandemic: Lessons Learned from Response Teams in Greece. Int J Med Students. 2020 May-Aug;8(2):191-3.
Copyright © 2020 Nikolaos Vlachopoulos, Emmanouil Smyrnakis, Panagiotis Stachteas, Maria Exindari, Georgia Gioula, Anna Papa
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
International Journal of Medical Students, VOLUME 8, NUMBER 2, August 2020