Carotid Intima-Media Thickness and Cardiovascular Risk Factors

Authors

  • Vitorino Modesto dos Santos Armed Forces Hospital and Catholic University of Brasília, ´Brasília-DF, Brazil
  • Laura Campos Modesto Medical Course. University Center of Brasília-DF, Brazil.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5195/ijms.2020.857

Keywords:

Carotid artery, Atherosclerosis, Intima-media thickness, Prevention

Abstract

Albers SS et al. reviewed carotid artery variation in the development of atherosclerotic carotid artery disease (Int J Med Students. 2019 Sep-Dec;7(3):82-91) commenting on changes from birth to older ages that can contribute to disorders of intramural elastin even in absence of disease. Considering the coexistence of traditional risk factors of atherosclerosis, additional comments are posed about measurements of carotid intima-media thickness in patients with obesity, chronic renal failure, and secondary hyperparathyroidism. The authors emphasized the need for further research to validate preventive procedures initiating since prenatal.

Author Biographies

Vitorino Modesto dos Santos, Armed Forces Hospital and Catholic University of Brasília, ´Brasília-DF, Brazil

MD, PhD. Department of Medicine. Adjunct-professor of Internal Medicine.

Laura Campos Modesto, Medical Course. University Center of Brasília-DF, Brazil.

Medical Student.

References

Albers SS, Kucey AS, Engineer A. The role of intraindividual carotid artery variation in the development of atherosclerotic carotid artery disease: a literature review. Int J Med Students. 2019 Sep-Dec;7(3):82-91.

Costa AF, Barufaldi F, Silveira MA, dos Santos VM, Menezes Pde L. Association of PTH and carotid thickness in patients with chronic kidney failure and secondary hyperparathyroidism. J Bras Nefrol. 2014 Jul-Sep;36(3):315-9.

El-Masrya SA, Mohamed HA, Enaite AM, Ali MM, Ibrahim IA. Carotid intima-media thickness assessment in obese patients with chronic renal failure. J Arab Soc Med Res. 2018 Jul 20;13:18-24.

Epure AM, Rios-Leyvraz M, Anker D, Di Bernardo S, da Costa BR, Chiolero A, et al. Risk factors during first 1,000 days of life for carotid intima-media thickness in infants, children, and adolescents: A systematic review with meta-analyses. PLoS Med. 2020 Nov 23;17(11):e1003414.

Santos VM, Sá DAR. [The growth of centenarians: when to start dementia prevention?] Gac Méd Caracas. 2009 Sept;117(3):250-1. Esp.

Published

2020-12-14

How to Cite

Santos, V. M. dos, & Modesto, L. C. (2020). Carotid Intima-Media Thickness and Cardiovascular Risk Factors. International Journal of Medical Students, 8(3), 322–323. https://doi.org/10.5195/ijms.2020.857

Issue

Section

Letter to the Editor